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if host pings execute command

#!/bin/sh
HOST="silveiraneto.net"
if ping -c 1 $HOST > /dev/null
then
   echo your command
fi
  • replace silveiraneto.net for your desired hostname or ip
  • ping sends only one package (-c 1) and ignores the text output
  • a ping is successful returns 0 and the if proceeds
  • replace the echo line with your command

Capturas de Tela no Android

Quando desenvolvendo aplicações móveis para o Android as vezes precisamos obter imagens do dispositivo para comparar com um alguma referencia no computador. Como tirar screenshots no Android? Usar uma aplicação para isso e então passar as imagens para o computador? Não, há um jeito mais fácil.

Juntamente com o Android SDK há uma ferramenta na pasta tools chamada ddms (Dalvik Debug Monitor Server). O ddms ainda está pouco integrado com o plugin ADT do Eclipse e também pouco documentado, mas é extremamente útil para várias tarefas como monitoras o heap de memória, threads, processos e, é claro, tirar screenshots.

Para utiliza-lo com todas suas funcionalidades lembre-se de desligar primeiro o Eclipse (porque no momento só pode ter um aplicativo conectado ao ADB), porém que para fins de captura de tela isso não é necessário. Selecione um dispositivo, vá no menu Devices → Screen Capture (Control-S). Pronto, você tem no computador uma captura da tela do dispositivo.

Beware the locale

See-ming Lee 李思明 SML Photo

Today I was programming a toString method for a class widely used in a application, using the very useful String.format that provides a C’s like printf formatter.

@Override
public String toString() {
   return String.format("VO[a: %.1f, b: %.1f, c: %.1f]", a, b, a+b);
}

%.1f means a float with one digit precision after the dot separator. The code produces something like:

VO[a: 1.0, b: 2.0, c: 3.0]

The problem arises when running a JUnit test on this method wrote using a regular expression to extract the values from the String to test it correctness. We cannot assume that the dot will be always the separator for displaying a float value, in my locale pt_BR would be a comma. So the output would be:

VO[a: 1,0, b: 2,0, c: 3,0]

For a predictable output we can set a Locale for String.format:

Locale en = new Locale("en");
return String.format(en, "VO[a: %.1f, b: %.1f, c: %.1f]", a, b, a+b);

So it will always use the dot as common separator. Of course you should follow and respect the localization and internationalization efforts in others moments but in this toString case we are using it internally for debug and unitary testing so we can set a English default locale for safety reasons.

Compiling Inkscape

Inkscape running

Inkscape is a Open Source vector graphics editor that works with SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) format, Inkscape works with transparency, gradients, node editing, pattern fills, PNG export, and more. It also runs on Linux, Windows and OSX, those three are officially supported, but also runs in a broad list of Operational Systems. Is a software that I work daily and frequently is featured here in my blog.

You can download Inkscape or directly install it via some package system like Apt:

sudo apt-get install inskcape

But sometimes we need some special feature that is not available yet in the repositories or we want gain speed by having special binaries for our platforms or we want to help developing a new feature. In those cases we need to compile the software by ourself.

Those tips are valid for Ubuntu 8.04 but some part of them can be applied in others distributions. The Inkscape compiled here is the version 0.46+devel so newest versions can have compiling procedures slightly different.

Getting sources via APT.The easiest way to compile Inkscape on Ubuntu is

sudo su
apt-get build-dep inkscape
apt-get source inkscape
cd inkscape
./autogen.sh
./configure
make
make install

This will get a version of inkscape, compile it and install. If the first step doesn’t work well, you can try install all necessary packages by yourself using:

sudo apt-get install autotools-dev fakeroot dh-make build-essential autoconf automake intltool libglib2.0-dev libpng12-dev libgc-dev libfreetype6-dev liblcms1-dev libgtkmm-2.4-dev libxslt1-dev libboost-dev libpopt-dev libgsl0ldbl libgsl0-dev libgsl0-dbg libgnome-vfsmm-2.6-dev libssl-dev libmagick++9-dev libwpg-dev

Getting sources via SVN. The recipe I showed above will compile a stable version of Inkscape but not the last version of Inkscape. For that we need to grab the source directly from the Subversion repositories and so compile it.

At your home folder:

sudo apt-get install subversion
svn checkout https://inkscape.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/inkscape/inkscape/trunk inkscape

A alternative way to subversion is getting sources from here. Those are tarballs built every hour after someone change something in the development repositories. Download a tarball, and decompress it on your home folder.

Install all tools we need to compile Inkscape, this should fits:

sudo apt-get install autotools-dev fakeroot dh-make build-essential autoconf automake intltool libglib2.0-dev libpng12-dev libgc-dev libfreetype6-dev liblcms1-dev libgtkmm-2.4-dev libxslt1-dev libboost-dev libpopt-dev libgsl0ldbl libgsl0-dev libgsl0-dbg libgnome-vfsmm-2.6-dev libssl-dev libmagick++9-dev libwpg-dev

Enter in the directory with the Inkscape source and do:

./autogen.sh
mkdir build
cd build
../configure
make
sudo make install

In both cases, grabbing sources via svn or via apt, or can set the place where the software will be installed so it not cause conflicts with you already installed version of Inkscape. You can do that replacing the ./configure step with something like:

./configure –prefix=/home/yourname/inkscape

If you had some trouble in one of those steps, consider reading some of those other tutorials:

ps: thanks guys from the inkscape-devel@lists.sourceforge.net specially heathenx.